Starting from the middle of the XVII century, when the French shortened their epee, fencing with stabbing weapons began to progress rapidly in a variety of techniques, dexterity and speed of their application. From that moment, a sharp divergence of the French school (more progressive) and Italian (more conservative) begins. These discrepancies reached their peak by the end of the 19th century.
In France, from the second half of the 18th century, fencing has made rapid significant progress, clearly ahead of Italy. In 1736, the Frenchman Girard introduced the 8th and last defense, almost two centuries later than the 7th. In 1755, in the French Encyclopedia, the article “fencing” first talked about the need to introduce a fencing mask to prevent accidents. But 10 years passed before fencing masks were finally introduced. Continue reading
If earlier I wrote mainly about an armless duel, now I’ll consider a battle in armor. For starters, what is armor in general? Many at these words imagine something like this:
About armor combat Fencing, Historical fencing, Armor, Long-post, Melee weapons
This, of course, is armor, but those times when America was already open and infantry battles steadily drove more and more on the battlefield. And they cost comparable with this battle (I exaggerate, of course). And most of the time period and most of the warriors used much simpler types of armor. Therefore, saying “armor”, I mean not only that in the picture above, but also that in the picture below. Continue reading
So where did European fencing come from?
Obviously not from books, as you understand …
Francisco Lawrence de Rada undertakes to answer this question, for generations over the centuries must understand how the history of fencing really looks.
Let us choose the year 1711 as the starting point of the presentation – this year is the year of publication of the treatise Francisco de Rada, commander of the Order of St. Santiago. So, I quote his words:
“300 years ago, – accordingly, this is approximately 1411 year – the real fencing system existed in full in Sicily and in Calabria.” What happened next? These people, who had knowledge of fencing science, went to war – went to conquer the continents, which later in history was called the “Spanish Conquista”. Continue reading