HISTORY OF FENCING IN THE MIDDLE CENTURIES
In the Middle Ages, the possession of knives was the privilege of chivalry. In the wars of that time, the battle was decided by a clash of cavalry. Sometimes the…

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D’Artagnan, you're wrong!
Rapier fencing is a subtle art, and watching it is a little more difficult. Simultaneous injections are not counted here, the priority of the first injection does not work, and…

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Stage and sports fencing
Sports fencing is a combat sport with knives. Fencing battle is a conditional duel on edged sports weapons, regulated by the official rules of the competition. Classical fencing, subject to…

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About armor battle

If earlier I wrote mainly about an armless duel, now I’ll consider a battle in armor. For starters, what is armor in general? Many at these words imagine something like this:

About armor combat Fencing, Historical fencing, Armor, Long-post, Melee weapons
This, of course, is armor, but those times when America was already open and infantry battles steadily drove more and more on the battlefield. And they cost comparable with this battle (I exaggerate, of course). And most of the time period and most of the warriors used much simpler types of armor. Therefore, saying “armor”, I mean not only that in the picture above, but also that in the picture below.

About armor combat Fencing, Historical fencing, Armor, Long-post, Melee weapons
Why did people generally get into the den to put on themselves heavy pieces of iron? Of course, the desire to live longer. As I have written many times before, in an armless battle, it is usually enough to miss just one hit to lose the battle. Usually this also meant losing a life. Which, of course, is very sad for a person engaged in a war on an ongoing basis.

Unfortunately, a person is so arranged that any wound will reduce his fighting efficiency – there is nothing to be done about it. At least, without genetic experiments or any completely hellish analgesics with stimulants. So the only way to increase your chances is to reduce the very chance of getting injured.

It is clear that this can be done without giving a blow to oneself — for example, by killing an enemy earlier. Or taking active defense. But if, nevertheless, the blow came … Here armor comes to the rescue.

In summary – the main function that the armor performs – prevents the enemy from injuring.

About armor combat Fencing, Historical fencing, Armor, Long-post, Melee weapons
How to hit an opponent if he is in armor? There are options:

1) Punch armor

2) Apply armored lesion

3) Attack an area not protected by armor

If the 3rd method, in principle, is suitable for any weapon, then for the first two you need a special one.

Armor Breakdown

In order for a weapon to pass through the armor, it must have a large momentum at the moment of impact. A weapon is better suited for this purpose, where the center of gravity is shifted further from the crosshairs to the end of the blade. These are all kinds of falsions, axes, scimitars. Or you can strike with two hands – along this path went first half-hour, and then two-handed swords. At the same time, it is important that the cutting edge be sharpened at a greater angle than for an armless fight – otherwise the blade will break off.

There is another way – to focus the momentum of the weapon at one point. Stabbing weapons went along this path – spears, finals, estocks. Swords and halberds, which were previously used mainly for cutting, appeared more pronounced point. Also, special armor-piercing arrows evolved in this direction.

However, with the advent of plate armor, all this was not enough. Then the weapon was spread, where the hedgehog was crossed with a snake: a lot of impact energy was combined with a point application of force – all kinds of clerics. True, this made the weapon practically disposable – it was difficult to quickly pull it out of the enemy, it was easier to drop it. At least that’s what they say. Perhaps that is why such a weapon has always been combined – on the other side of the head was some other striking element.

About armor combat Fencing, Historical fencing, Armor, Long-post, Melee weapons
Armor lesion

Virtually any “hard” armor wore a soft armor that extinguished the impact energy. However, if the blow is very strong, it may simply not be enough – and then the rest of the energy will go into the body. In the best case, it will be a bruise, in the worst – a fracture, concussion, damage to internal organs and the like.

For this purpose, just as in the case of force breaking, you need a weapon with a center of gravity displaced towards the end. However, there is an important difference – the affected area should be smooth or with slight protrusions. No chopping edge – otherwise a part of the energy will be absorbed by the deformation of the armor and the armor action will be much less. As you might guess, shock-crushing weapons belong to this group: maces, shestopers, war hammers, etc.

This can also include early firearms – it had a not very high initial speed and huge caliber. Therefore, unlike armor-piercing arrows, hits did not make small holes, but crushed the armor and turned into what was behind it. Therefore, dear fellow, do not think that in the 15th century your Kevlar body armor of the 2nd class, hidden under the cottard, will greatly help you.

In addition, there was a way to use a two-handed sword for this purpose – he took the blade, and the blow was inflicted on top. Since such swords usually had an “anti-armor” sharpening, cutting was difficult.

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