HISTORY OF FENCING IN THE MIDDLE CENTURIES
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Swords naked, nobles: 7 reasons to engage in fencing in 2019
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The main difference between sports and stage fencing is that in sports fencing, the result is a victory in a duel, and in stage fencing, an assessment of the audience.…

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Doping – magic pill or death mark?

Since ancient times, people have used various methods and means to gain advantages over an opponent. But in ancient Greece and Rome, those methods were slightly different than today. People believed that if you eat the heart of a lion, you will become as strong as a lion. At the moment, nothing has changed, just the number of methods has increased and they have become more cruel.

And I – the heart of a lion
The world has found other ways out of difficult situations. And things like drugs have become normal. “This is effective” – thousands of people in the world (and not ordinary people, but athletes) speak with one voice.

And where, then, is it? If strong and healthy (at first glance) people of the planet say so. But the truth is one, as in prehistoric times, the best survives (in our case – cunning). And all athletes know this very well, as they know that in sport there are two ways to achieve your goal:

1. To be strong and physically resilient, fast, psychologically stable. Why is it necessary: ​​to constantly train, follow a diet, train psychologically.

2. It is also known that to achieve the desired result, you can use a variety of pharmaceuticals. This is a great temptation, because without doing anything you can get the expected medal.

Doping artificially enhances endurance and physical activity during sports competitions.

“Doping problem”
In fact, doping has now become an integral part of modern sport. Narcotic substances are different. But can we compare which of them are more harmful? Naturally, no, because both of them are very dangerous to health.

There are funds used in sports to enhance sportsmanship. These include:

doping methods
direct doping
mechanical factors
psychological methods
food substances and additives
limited-use pharmacological agents
However, if we are talking about those drugs that cause harm to health, and therefore are subject to control, then these are, of course, doping and doping manipulations / methods.

If you look at them from the side of pharmacological action, you can divide them into 5 classes:

psychostimulants (a vivid example – ephedrine, amphetamine, caffeine, phenamine, cocaine and others);
drugs (as an example, we give alkaloids-opiates, morphine, fentanyl, promedol and others);
beta-blockers (anaprimin, nadolol, oxprenolol, atenolol and others);
anabolic steroids (here we include testosterone and all its derivatives, retabolil, methane-drostenolone, androdiol .. The list goes on), plus an anabolic peptide hormones (for example, gonadotropin, somatotropin, erythropoietin);
diuretics (dichlothi azide, furosemide, novurite, diacarb, clopamide, veroshpiron and others).
In the body, the biological effect of certain classes is diverse. Psychostimulants significantly increase sports activity by activating the activity of the cardiovascular system, central nervous system, and respiratory system, that is, the energy and contractile activity of skeletal muscles improves, plus fatigue is relieved, self-confidence appears. BUT, the ultimate stress of the functions of these systems and even the exhaustion of energy resources can be observed.

Yes, narcotic substances can suppress pain sensitivity, as they are strong analgesics, they can delay the feeling of fatigue.

Anabolic steroids actively enhance the processes of protein synthesis, reducing their breakdown, in connection with this, muscle growth is stimulated.

Beta-blockers can quite effectively counteract the effects of norepinephrine and adrenaline, the athlete seems to calm down, and adaptation to endurance loads increases.

But diuretics help to remove water, salts, and also some chemicals from the human body, which greatly contributes to the removal of prohibited drugs and weight loss.

You can write an entire article about side effects, but there have been cases of even death, so do not minimize the danger!

Doping victims
Yes, until relatively recently, they did not fight doping in any way. This fact can be explained by the fact that only a few took advantage of this “unique” opportunity.

But the Olympics in Rome in 1960 put everything in its place. It was a terrible heat. Many athletes could not stand it and fell from bicycles. Participants Jürgen Jorgansen and Knud Jensen from Denmark also fell from their bicycles, losing consciousness. Jensen could not be saved. Dope!

There is also a case that happened with a cyclist from England Tom Simpson at the 54 Tour de France road race. It was also a rather hot day, and Simpson twice fell off his bicycle on a 20-kilometer stretch of track. The second fall was final – death. Dope!

True, it is worth noting that all of the terrible facts listed are such for professional athletes. If we talk about lovers, then the picture looms not so terrible.

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