BASIC PROVISIONS AND MOVEMENT
(Basics of fencing movement technique)
Position “at attention” – statutory stoic, fencing weapon in the right or left hand.
The starting position is the position from which the transition to the fencing stand is made and in which the fighters give a greeting.
Salutation (salute) – movement with an armed hand to the opponent and the judges in greeting.
Fencing stand – the most appropriate position adopted by a fighter (or teacher) for combat or training activities. The fencing stand can vary depending on various conditions:
Common Stand – Used for training sessions.
Individually modified stance – depends on the style of combat or action. In hand-to-hand combat, a stance is used in accordance with the “to battle” position in a bayonet battle.
The stand is the most economical position adopted by a fighter during a free fight. It is characterized by straightening the legs and muscle relaxation.
The “free” stance is the rest position that the fighter takes in the lesson and during the break of the free fight.
Teacher desk is a position that a teacher accepts in an individual lesson.
Moving forward to approach the enemy, backward – to move away from the enemy, moving to the side – are used for offensive and defense purposes. The nature of the movement can be as follows:
The training step is a normal step with an emphasis (small hit) of the heel on the ground (forward – with an emphasis behind the standing leg, back – with an emphasis in front of the standing leg).
Combat step – a quick elastic fencing step forward or backward with the aim of approaching the enemy or retreat.
A sliding step is the movement of a step where the feet of the feet, almost never leaving the floor, glide forward or backward.
The double step is a movement intended for quick withdrawal or rapprochement with a retreating enemy.
A jump is a double step, performed at one pace – a jump.
One-step step – rapprochement by putting a standing leg behind. Usually performed from a wide combat stance followed by a lunge.
Evasion – stepping aside or backward in order to avoid an enemy attack or avoiding an attack, simultaneously launch an attack.
Showing an injection – extending an armed arm or arms (in bayonet). A shot injection always precedes a shot with a lunge. In a free fight, the extension of the armed hand is a threat, this situation is called combat, because the weapon is in a threatening position for the enemy. At close range, showing an injection can be a real injection.
Lunge – a modified position of the fencing stand in the form of a wide step. The back leg is straight, while the leg in front stands at an angle of more than 90 ° in the knee and hip joints, the trunk and arm are moved forward. Lunge is used when attacking with a medium range.
Return from the lunge – moving forward or back to the fencing stand.
Position – a certain position of the hand and weapon in relation to the body of a fighter. Depending on the tactical purpose, the position is a challenge to the enemy in combat or defense. Fencing has 9 positions on rapiers, 6 positions on espadrons, and 4 positions on a bayonet.
Position change – moving from one position to another.
Collection – the transition from the fencing stand at the end of the lesson or battle to its original position.
Kicking – one or double heel kicks to the ground, performed at. at the end of a lesson or in battle as an attack preparation technique.
Preparing an attack refers to actions preceding a direct injection or blow.
The purpose of the training is to ensure the success of the attack. Attack preparation includes: rapprochement with the enemy, actions on weapons, deceit, challenge.
Approaching an adversary – approaching to gain distance (steps, double steps, jumps, pulling up a standing leg, running, etc.).
Actions on the weapon – a) pressure; b) capture – diverting enemy weapons to the side by pressing his blade; c) tying – the seizure of the enemy’s weapons with their weapons in a circular or semicircular movement, without losing contact; d) a blow to the weapon – a short, sharp push by the weapon against the weapon of the enemy; e) a sliding strike – a sharp push by a weapon at the enemy’s weapons, passing along the blade.
Deception – a threat to a fighter with a weapon or any sharp movement of the body in order to force the enemy to open one of the affected sectors for attack. When cheating, the fighter’s weapons should not touch the enemy’s weapons.
Challenge – changing the position of a weapon, moving a body or acting on a weapon in order to summon an adversary for a habitual action.